Rangers are hunters and trackers who live at the edges of civilization; striking a careful balance against becoming the bestial predators they slay. They often value stealth and tactical approaches, favoring specific foes, and living fiercely independent and self-sufficient. Thanks to their familiarity with the wilds, they often form a communion with nature and acquire druidic powers and/or bonds with their wildlife.
Strength is not important for rangers, but it can be helpful for melee damage or for saving throws.
Dexterity is vital for rangers for the extra AC, and for using ranged or finesse weapons. It is also helpful for saving throws and for commonly associated skill checks (such as stealth).
Constitution is not important for rangers, but it can be helpful extra HP, for concentration checks and for saving throws.
Intelligence is not important for rangers, but it can be helpful for saving throws and for commonly associated skill checks (such as investigation).
Wisdom is important for rangers as it is their primary spellcasting ability score. It can also be helpful for saving throws and for commonly associated skill checks (such as perception).
Charisma is not important for rangers, but it can be helpful for saving throws and for skill checks.
Starting at 1st level, you can call on your bond with nature to mark a creature as your favored enemy for a time. As a Bonus Action, once per combat, you can choose a creature you can see within 20m and mystically mark it as your quarry. Until the end of combat, you deal an extra 1d6 damage to the target whenever you hit it with a Melee Attack or Ranged Attack (does not include your companion’s attacks until 6th level), and you have advantage on any Wisdom (Perception) or Wisdom (Survival) check you make to find it. You can use this special action a number of times equal to your Wisdom modifier (a minimum of once), and you regain all expended uses when you finish a long rest. (Note: Favored Foe does work with the 1st level Hunter’s Mark spell, they are treated as separate effects.)
Starting at 1st level, you are an unsurpassed explorer and survivor. Choose one of the following benefits, and then choose another one at 6th and 10th level.
Choose one skill: Animal Handling, Athletics, History, Insight, Investigation, Medicine, Nature, Perception, Stealth, or Survival. You gain proficiency in the chosen skill if you don’t already have it, and you can add double your proficiency bonus to ability checks using that skill. In addition, thanks to your extensive wandering, you are able to speak, read, and write two additional languages of your choice.
You gain an extra Movement Action. You may now spend a Movement Action to perform the Disengage Action.
As a Bonus Action, once per combat, you can give yourself a number of temporary hit points equal to 1d10 + your Wisdom modifier until the end of combat. You can use this special action a number of times equal to your Wisdom modifier (a minimum of once), and you regain all expended uses when you finish a long rest. (Temporary HP does not stack from multiple uses.)
By the time you reach 2nd Level, you have learned to use the magical essence of Nature to Cast a Spell, much as a druid does. You use your Wisdom whenever a spell refers to your spellcasting ability. In addition, you use your Wisdom modifier when setting the saving throw DC for a Ranger spell you cast and when making an attack roll with one. The Ranger table shows how many spell slots you have to cast your spells of 1st level and higher. To cast one of these Ranger spells, you must expend a slot of the spell's level. You regain all expended spell slots when you finish a long rest.
You may cast any spell at a higher level spell slot. When you cast a spell using a slot that is of a higher level than the spell, the spell assumes the higher level for that casting. For instance, if you cast Light using a 3rd-level spell slot, that Light is considered to be 3rd level. Some spells, such as Magic Missile and Cure Wounds, have more powerful effects when cast at a higher level, as detailed in a spell's description.
Spell save DC = 8 + Proficiency Bonus + Wisdom modifier
Spell Attack modifier = Proficiency Bonus + Wisdom modifier
Spellcasting Ability Score modifier = Wisdom modifier
You adopt a particular style of fighting as your specialty. Choose one of the following options. You can’t take a Fighting Style option more than once, even if you later get to choose again.
You gain a +2 bonus to attack rolls you make with ranged weapons.
While you are wearing armor, you gain a +1 bonus to AC.
While using a weapon that is one-handed without a weapon in your off-hand, you gain a +2 bonus to your weapon damage rolls.
While using two one-handed weapons, you gain your Dexterity ability score modifier on your Offhand Attack Actions.
Starting at 3rd level, you create a deep bond and gain an animal companion. It acts during your turn, has a Standard Action, a Movement Action, a Bonus Action and a Reaction. It will continue to act if you are incapacitated, but will automatically succeed to Flee the area if you are knocked unconscious. At 6th level, your animal companion gains the benefits of your Favored Foe feature. Pick 1 companion from the table below.
It gains your proficiency in two of the following skills: Athletics, Acrobatics, Intimidation, Investigation, Nature, Perception, Stealth or Survival.
Beginning at 3rd Level, you can use your Bonus Action and either: gain advantage your next tracking, perception or survival skill check. You can use this special action a number of times equal to your Wisdom modifier (a minimum of once), and you regain all expended uses when you finish a short or long rest.
Beginning at 5th level, you and your animal companion form a more potent fighting team. When you use the Melee Attack or Ranged Attack Action on your turn, if your companion can see you, it can use its Reaction to make a Melee Attack Action.
At 7th level, while your companion can see you, it has advantage on all saving throws.
Starting at 10th level, you can use a Bonus Action to magically become invisible, until the start of your next turn. Once you use this feature, you can’t use it again until you finish a short or long rest.